A. auriculiformis is presently rare or uncommon in American Samoa but was listed among those naturalized species considered invasive elsewhere and classed as common or weedy (Space and Flynn, 2000). Although A. auriculiformis has the ability to coppice, it is not a vigorous or prolific sprouter and careful management is required to obtain good results from coppicing. ex Benth. In Java, peak flowering occurs in March to June (Turnbull and Awang, 1997). 2. It is an evergreen tree ranging from 65 ft. (20 m) tall. Integrated management of nonnative plants in natural areas of Florida. (1992) found that peak flowering occurred in February to May at Atherton in Queensland, near Kuala Lumpur in Peninsular Malaysia, and Tawau in Sabah, with ripe seed pods available between October and April. The Plant List: a working list of all plant species. During a recent workshop on diseases of tropical acacias (Old et al., 1997), a number of diseases were identified as potential threats to the future productivity of industrial plantations. genus. Acacia auriculaeformis A. Cunn. Species Overview. A key to useful Australian acacias for the seasonally dry tropics. It grows to a height of 8 m (26 ft) and has phyllodes instead of true leaves. Campus. 35:229-232; 3 ref, Maslin BR, 1995. In Asia and Africa, it is planted for fuelwood, and is an outstanding fuelwood species for acid soils (Ryan et al., 1994). Acacia auriculiformis Benth. Tree Improvement for Sustainable Tropical Forestry. and Pterocarpus indicus Willd. ex Benth. Planted to provide shelter on beaches and beachfronts. Acacia auriculiformis. BHL POWO . Results from Australia and Thailand showed that provenances from Queensland have a higher proportion of straight stems (Awang et al., 1994; Puangchit et al., 1996; Turnbull and Awang, 1997). The Australian species (including A. auriculiformis) retain the genus name Acacia, while African species in this classification were renamed as Vachellia in 2005.Acacia auriculiformis was published in Hooker's London J. Bot. Its attractive foliage and bright flowers make it a popular garden plant. A revision of Acacia Mill. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Three-year performance of Acacia auriculiformis provenances at Serdang, Malaysia. Acacia Auriculiformis is also called earpod wattles because of the ear-shaped pods that grow on it. These included stem cankers caused by a range of pathogens (Botryodiplodia theobromae [Lasiodiplodia theobromae], Botryosphaeria spp. ACIAR Proceedings, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, No. Proceedings of a First meeting of COGREDA held in Phuket, Thailand. Commonwealth Forestry Review, 61(2):135-144; 36 ref, World Agroforestry Centre, 2002. Allelopathic; Competition - monopolizing resources; Competition - shading, Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Extracts of A. auriculiformis are used by aborigines of Australia as analgesics, to treat pains and sore eyes, and to treat rheumatism (Contu, 2012; Encyclopedia of Life, 2016). Being a nitrogen fixing tree it affects the local nitrogen cycling (Gordon, 1998). Global Biodiversity Information Facility. ex Benth. Acacia decurrens, commonly known as black wattle or early green wattle, is a perennial tree or shrub native to eastern New South Wales, including Sydney, the Greater Blue Mountains Area, the Hunter Region, and south west to the Australian Capital Territory. Acacia cultriformis, known as the knife-leaf wattle, dogtooth wattle, half-moon wattle or golden-glow wattle, is a perennial tree or shrub of the genus Acacia native to Australia. 1: 377 (1842). The leaf litter is reported to be allelopathic (EDDMapS, 2016). Tree Improvement for Sustainable Tropical Forestry. It is native to the tropics of Central America where its typical habitat is wet tropical forests or seasonally dry forests with a dry season of four to seven months, when it may become deciduous. Japanese Agricultural Research Quarterly, 31:65-71, Keating WG, Bolza E, 1982. Diseases of tropical acacias. Journal of Environmental Science and Management. It provides very good charcoal that glows well with little smoke and does not spark. Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. ], Nghiem, L. T. P., Tan, H. T. W., Corlett, R. T., 2015. In Australia, A. auriculiformis grows on dissected lateritic lowlands and alluvial coastal plains. Elsewhere it occurs as scattered trees in the riparian habitats, tall savannah woodland and in tall open-forest (monsoon forest). Millennium Seed Bank - Seed List. http://herbariodb.uprrp.edu/Bol/uprrp/Search, USDA-ARS, 2016. It is native to Australia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. Determination of relative tannin contents of the barks of some Malaysian plants. Tappi, 62:77-81, PIER, 2001. Acacia auriculiformis A.Cunn. 2016), but might disturb soils and increase other non-natives (NatureServe, 2016).Biological control The generic name of acacia is derived from the Greek word ‘akis’ which means a spike or a point. In Australia, Malaysia and the Philippines it has grown on acid mine spoils of pH 3 (NAS, 1983), while A. auriculiformis is one of the few tree species to become widely planted on the acid sulphate soils (pH 3) of the Mekong Delta of Vietnam (Nguyen Hoang Nghia, 1996). In Drysdale RM, John SET, Yapa AC, eds. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://www.best.bs/Invasive_plant_species.htm, http://members.lycos.co.uk/WoodyPlantEcology/invasive/index.html, http://www.boldsystems.org/index.php/TaxBrowser_Home, http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012.RLTS.T19891902A19997222.en, http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/apex/f?p=185:3:0::NO, http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list, http://apps.kew.org/seedlist/SeedlistServlet, http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/WG/WG20900.pdf, http://explorer.natureserve.org/index.htm, http://www.hear.org/pier_v3.3/tongareport.htm, http://www.hear.org/starr/hiplants/reports/html/acacia_auriculiformis.htm, http://herbariodb.uprrp.edu/Bol/uprrp/Search, http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl, http://www.worldagroforestrycentre.org/Sites/TreeDBS/AFT/AFT.htm, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Yellow, tree. Bangkok, Thailand: FAO, dela Cruz RE, Umali-Garcia M, 1992.  The trunk is crooked and the bark vertically fissured. 82-86. In: Booth TH, ed, Matching Trees and Sites. Also cultivated, Fefan, Tol, Weno and Yap Islands. Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO Publishing, Maslin, B. R., Miller, J. T., Seigler, D. S., 2003. Breeding systems and genetic diversity in Acacia auriculiformis and A. crassicarpa. Symbol Key - ACAU. It has no thorns. The profuse fragrant, golden flowers appear in late winter and spring, followed by long seed pods. Enterolobium cyclocarpum, commonly known as guanacaste, caro caro, monkey-ear tree or elephant-ear tree, is a species of flowering tree in the pea family, Fabaceae, that is native to tropical regions of the Americas, from central Mexico south to northern Brazil (Roraima) and Venezuela. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants. Version 7.1. ACIAR-Proceedings-Series, No. Family: Fabaceae Habit: Evergreen, unarmed tree to 15m (50 ft) tall, with compact spread, often multi-stemmed; young growth glaucous. The genus Acacia is a member of the pea family . The honey locust, also known as the thorny locust or thorny honeylocust, is a deciduous tree in the family Fabaceae, native to central North America where it is mostly found in the moist soil of river valleys. Maiden & Betche.Pedley (1986) proposed a classification in which Acacia was formally subdivided into three genera, namely Acacia, Senegalia and Racosperma. Phyllodes are retained during the dry season; their average life is about 1 year in west Java, Indonesia. Makiling, Philippines. On favourable sites in its natural habitat A. auriculiformis grows 25-35 m tall with a straight bole dominant for a greater part of tree height. Acacia auriculiformis_Flowers. It has a compact spread and is often multi-stemmed. Proceedings of an international workshop held in Bangkok, Thailand, 11-15 February 1991 [edited by Turnbull JW]. It has dense foliage with an open, spreading crown. Provenance variation in tolerance to salt and waterlogging has been noted in pot trials (Marcar et al., 1991b). species. There are several diseases and insect pests of A. auriculiformis, but none are limiting to establishment on appropriate sites at present (Day et al., 1994). Journal of Tropical Forest Science. 2e partie - les plantations.] Establishment and management of seed production areas of tropical tree species in northern Australia. Honey locust is highly adaptable to different environments, has been introduced worldwide, and is an aggressive invasive species. ; 24 pl. Indian Forester, 99(9):533-540 + 1 pl, Banerjee K, Khatua DC, Mukherjee N, 1993. In: Dieters MJ, Matheson AC, Nikles DG, Harwood CE, Walker SM, eds. ex Benth., Acacia mangium Willd. 13, 81-94; 10 ref, Turnbull JW, Awang K, 1997. Flower colour; life form. Acacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle); open seed pod. Acacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle); seed. Proceedings of an international workshop held in Bangkok, Thailand, 11-15 February 1991. Forest Ecology and Management, 62(1-4):99-105; 9 ref, Nor Aini AS, Kamis Awang, Mansor Mohd Rashid, Abd Latib Senin, Awang K, 1994. Acacia inaequilatera, commonly known as kanji bush, baderi, camel bush, fire wattle, kanyji bush or ranji bush is a tree in the family Mimosaceae. Flowers are light-golden in colour, 5-merous, bisexual, tiny, sessile, fragrant; calyx tubular, up to 0.1 cm long, shortly lobed, glabrous; corolla to 0.2 cm long; stamens many, about 0.3 cm long; ovary densely pubescent. 655 pp. ACIAR-Proceedings-Series, No. Survival and early growth of Australian tree species planted at a termite-infested site in Zimbabwe. Occurrences in the Northern Territory are along drainage channels just above the tidal range, on the edges of sand dunes, behind mangrove swamps, and along river levees. and Pterocarpus indicus Willd. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 11. A. cultriformis grows to a height of about 4 m (13 ft) and has triangle-shaped phyllodes. , 1997. It contains tannin useful in animal hide tanning. The generic name acacia comes from the Greek word ‘akis’ meaning a point or a barb and the specific epithet comes from the Latin ‘auricula’- external ear of animals and ‘forma- form, figure or shape, in allusion to the shape of the pod. Invasive woody plants. Plantations of Acacia auriculaeformis (Benth.) and most often associated with stem borer damage, pink disease (Erythricium salmonicolor) which is most prevalent in high rainfall areas, and phyllode rust (Endoraecium digitatum) which has impaired the growth of A. auriculiformis in Australia and Indonesia. Abdul Razak MA, Low CK, Abu Said A, 1981. It is fire adapted (EDDMapS, 2016). The use of tree legumes for fuelwood production. Acacia auriculiformis A.Cunn. Its leaves (phyllodes) are good for soil mulching. Storage of Acacia mangium and A. auriculiformis pollen. Family: Fabaceae. [NFTA 96-05. The trunk is crooked and the bark vertically fissured. Many hybrids show desirable commercial characteristics such as fast growth, fine branching and straight boles. Rounded Shape. Acacia auriculiformis is an evergreen Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 5 m (16ft) at a fast rate. It is naturalised in Asia, Africa, North America, Central America, the Caribbean, South America and Oceania; see Distribution Table for details (World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; PIER, 2016; PROTA, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016; WorldWideWattle, 2016).