Lemongrass (cymbopogon citratus) This thick-stemmed, dense perennial grass has sharply tapered leaves that emit a strong lemon scent when broken. Stapf, Cymbopogon flexuosus (Nees ex Stend.) If you have to purchase from the herb stores, choose fresh lemongrass leaves and stems featuring fresh and lemon-like flavorwith a hint of rose fragrance. It has emmenagogue action, and stimulates menstruation. An experiment in rats demonstrated dose-dependent decreases in fasting blood glucose levelsAdeneye 2007. It is also used in the synthesis of vitamin A[ 418 ]. The lemongrass extracts are also used to treat digestive problems as a relaxant for stomach and bad gut. Caution: This tea acts as stimulant. The plant is widely cultivated in the tropics, both on a commercial scale and in gardens - especially in southeast Asia. Select one or more newsletters to continue. It belongs to plant genus Cymbopogon, and family Poaceae / Gramineae. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. However, many strains have a higher concentration of geraniol (50%), with citral (10% to 20%) and methyl eugenol as minor components. Cymbopogon citratus, Stapf (Lemon grass) is a widely used herb in tropical countries, especially in Southeast Asia. For treating cold, fever it is better to drink this hot. No external malformations were noted in pups.Souza Formigoni 1986 However, in another experimental study in rats, doses higher than 1,500 mg/kg body weight showed histological changes in the stomach and liver, leading to marked abnormalities in the liver and stomach mucosa and ultimately death.Fandohan 2008, Achara, an herbal tea made from dried lemongrass leaves, was nontoxic in a small study of healthy volunteers.Orisakwe 1998 Beta-myrcene was found to be nontoxic in one study in Wistar rats,Zamith 1993 but was toxic in another in vitro study.Kauderer 1991 Aqueous extracts of the plant used as an insecticide led to some mitotic abnormalities in Allium cepa root tips grown in these extracts.Williams 1996. Beta-myrcene has been shown to interfere with cytochrome P450 liver enzymes; however, no drug interactions have been reported for lemongrass.De-Oliveira 1997, De-Oliveira 1997, Topical application of lemongrass has rarely led to an allergic reaction.Fandohan 2008 Two cases of toxic alveolitis have been reported from inhalation of the oil.Blumenthal 1998, A clinical study reported dose- and time-dependent adverse effects on creatinine clearance and estimated glomerular filtration rates following an infusion of C. citratus leaves.Ekpenyong 2015, An infusion of lemongrass given orally to male and pregnant female rats for 2 months at doses up to 20 times the corresponding human dose did not induce toxic effects. It is also used in malarial fever. The related compounds geraniol, geranic acid, and nerolic acid have also been identified.Lewinsohn 1998, Masuda 2008, Ming 1996, Sargenti 1997, Torres 1993 Other compounds found in the oil include myrcene (12% to 25%), diterpenes, methylheptenone, citronellol, linalol, farnesol, other alcohols, aldehydes, linalool, terpineol, and more than a dozen other minor fragrant components.Ansan 1986, Kasumov 1983, Viturro 1998 Geographical variations in the chemical constituents have been noted.Faruq 1994, Idrissi 1993, Torres 1996, Nonvolatile components of C. citratus include luteolins, homo-orientin, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, fructose, sucrose, octacosanol, and others.De Matouschek 1991 The flavonoids luteolin and 6-C-glucoside have also been isolated.Cheel 2005, Guanasingh 1981, C. flexuosus volatile oil typically contains up to 85% citral. This work focused on the leaves of a medicinal plant traditionally used for therapeutic beneﬁts (Ango- lan Cymbopogon citratus ), in order to evaluate Part(s) used for medicinal purpose: Leaf, Stem, Oil. In cosmetic industry, the essential oil is added to soaps, and hair care products. Many plants belonging to this family are used for commercial, and medicinal uses. Lemongrass tea eases the pain during periods, and reduces swelling in the body. Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) Information, Uses and Caution. Your email address will not be published. Tikshna, and Ruksha Guna, makes it expectorant, and helps to cure Kapha. Lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oil as a potent anti-inflammatory and antifungal drugs. Lemongrass is an easy to grow tropical grass with long thin leaves that grow in tall clumps. For example, it should be taken during pregnancy due to emmenagogue, abortifacient, and teratogenic properties. Studies show, the plant causes apoptosis or programmed cell death in cancer cells but the normal cells are unharmed. Below is given medicinal properties along with the meaning.The plant has anti-cancer properties. Cymbopogon citratus (lemon grass) is geneses of about 55 species are indigenous in tropical and semi-tropical areas of Asia. Its an evergreen perennial grass, grown for its fragrant leaves and stalks which are used as a flavouring. In the folk medicineof the Krahôpeople of Brazil, it is believed to have anxiolytic, hypnotic, and anticonvulsant properties. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. Lemon Gras in different forms is used to treat respiratory infections, sinusitis, bladder infections, high cholesterol, and varicose veins. Avoid use. The essential oil is used externally on sprain, gout, joint pain, lumbago, myalgia, chronic rheumatism, and similar other ailments. It's a typical ingredient in Thai cooking and bug repellent. For example, C. citratus and C. nardus have vigorous growth conditions in … C. citratus shows good antiinflamatory, anti-diabetic, hypolipidemic, renoprotective and cardioprotective, as well as anticancer activities. It is used in the treatment of many digestive diseases such as abdominal pain, cramps colic, vomiting, gas, cholera, indigestion, etc. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. It gives relief from bloating, gas cramps, pain after eating, and stomach acidity. Crush lemongrass, and add in boiling water. Steep for 8-10 minutes. Title. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. It is applied topically on athlete’s foot (tinea pedia), ring worms, and other fungal infections of the skin. Cymbopogon sp. Lemongrass has long slender foliage greyish-green in colour. While there are many species of fever grass, Cymbopogon citratus (family of Poaceae) is the variety most frequently recommended for medicinal purposes. Contraindications, Interactions, Side-effects, and Warnings Cymbopogon citratus. They contain essential oils that have medicinal, culinary and cosmetic uses Lemongrass essential oil is utilized in aromatherapy to renew the air, lessen pressure, and inspire the mind-set. Lemongrass is an Indian plant. Rate of mycological cure was 60% in the C. citratus group compared to 80% in the control group (ketoconazole 2%). Intake of herb in the high amount (10-15grams) can cause upset stomach, and diarrhea. Below is given taxonomical classification of the plant. The name Cymbopogon derives from the Greek words kymbe (boat) and pogon (beard)—a reference to the appearance of … Intake of Lemongrass tea, helps to improve appetite, and digestion. Dose and time-dependent adverse effects of C. citratus leaves on renal function have been reported. However, in light of recently published findings on the phytochemistry and toxicological Look carefully, and avoid yellow discolored and spotted leaves. The name of genus, Cymbopogon is derived from Greek word kymbe = hallow boat like-vessel, and pogon = beard. The dried powder of the plant are taken in a dose of 3-9 grams. These reviews provide a general overview of its applications in therapeutics, agriculture, cosmetics, and in food products. Family Poaceae Genus Cymbopogon are sturdy, aromatic, tufted, evergreen, perennial grasses with linear to lance-shaped, mid- to bluish-green leaves and many-branched flower sprays. However, clinical trials are lacking to support any uses. It contains considerable group of flavonoids, essential oils, phenolic compounds and other phytochemical constituents which possesses pharmacological activities such as anti-obesity, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-nociceptive, anti-oxidants anti-diarrheal, and anti-inflammatory properties which could enhance health. A suggested safe limit for humans (based on an experiment in rats) is 0.7 mg/kg/day of the essential oil.Fandohan 2008, A clinical study evaluated the effect of an infusion prepared from 2, 4, or 8 g of C. citratus leaves once daily for 30 days on hematological indices.Ekpenyong 2015 At the higher dose (8 g daily), adverse effects on creatinine clearance rate and estimated glomerular filtration rate were noted.Ekpenyong 2015, Avoid use. Uses. Once at hom… Aluyor, I.O. Adult person can drink a cup of this tea three times a day. The leaves of Cymbopogon citratus have been used in traditional medicine and are often found in herbal supplements and teas. The plant grows in dense clumps that emerge from a tough bulbous base, with a spread of about one … Citral and myrcene at high dosages have been shown to induce maternal toxicity in pregnant rats.Fandohan 2008 Lemongrass extracts have demonstrated antimitotic and apoptotic actions and should be avoided in pregnancy.Kumar 2008, Williams 1996, Citral, found in high concentrations in the essential oil of lemongrass, is a potent inducer of glutathione-S-transferaseNakamura 2003 and its constituent beta-myrcene. Due to Katu, and Tikta Rasa, it stimulates digestion. Strain, add honey, and drink throughout the day in small amount to cure digestive problems, cold, cough, cramps, and fever. Save my name, email, and site URL in my browser for next time I post a comment. It is effective against most strains of fungal, and bacterial infections. It has galactagogue action, and improves milk production. (Cymbopogon Citratus) -. In a study in South Africa, lemongrass showed efficacy in treatment of HIV-related oral thrush.Avoseh 2015 As a mouth rinse, either alone or in combination with other essential oils, lemongrass has demonstrated antimicrobial effects on subgingival biofilm and reduced oral malodor.Azad 2016, Satthanakul 2015 Antifungal activity was evaluated in a clinical study of C. citratus essential oil (1.25 mcL/mL concentration) in patients with pityriasis versicolor. Medicinal uses: The leaves of Cymbopogon citratus have been used in traditional medicine and are often found in herbal supplements and teas.In the folk medicine of Brazil, it is believed to have anxiolytic, hypnotic, and anticonvulsant properties. This information relates to an herbal, vitamin, mineral or other dietary supplement. It is also known by the names Lemongrass and Citronella Grass, amongst others. 200. For treating fever in children, give half cup of this tea six times a day. The leaves of Cymbopogon citratushave been used in traditional medicine and are often found in herbal supplements and teas. Employed as a flavour ingredient in most major … The botanical name of Lemongrass is Cymbopogon citratus. Toxic alveolitis has been associated with inhalation of lemongrass oil. The lemongrass contains a volatile oil with citral (about 70%), Citral, Citronellal, Citronellol, Geraniol, Geranyl-Acetate, and Myrcene. E.O. It forms hollow, cane-like stems with blue-green leaves. The linear leaves can grow up to 90 cm in height and 5 mm in width. Do not use this information to diagnose or treat your problem without consulting your doctor. Disclaimer. Another type of East Indian lemongrass reportedly does not contain citral but does contain up to 30% borneol.Leung 1980, Antimutagenic properties of ethanol lemongrass extracts against certain Salmonella typhimurium strains have been demonstrated in some studies.Avoseh 2015, Vinitketkumnuen 1994 In other studies, the extract inhibited DNA adduct formation in rat colon but not liver cells.Suaeyun 1997, Vinitketkumnuen 1999 In another experiment, ethanol extracts reduced the number but not the size of lesions in rat livers with induced hepatocellular carcinoma.Puatanachokchai 2002 Studies have demonstrated toxicity and apoptosis-inducing action of the essential oil and extracts against mouse and human leukemia cells.Dubey 1997, Dubey 1997, Kumar 2008, Topical C. citratus extract exhibited antioxidant activity in mouse skin, leading to suggestions of a potential role in skin cancer prevention.Nakamura 2003, Conflicting analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects have been demonstrated in animal experiments, but most purported effects were too weak to be of clinical importance.Carbajal 1989, Carlini 1986, Lorenzetti 1991, Rao 1990, Several reports describe antimicrobial effects of lemongrass, including activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial pathogens and fungi.Baratta 1998, Chalcat 1997, Hammer 1999, Helal 2006, Kishore 1993, Lima 1993, Mishra 1994, Ogunlana 1987, Onawunmi 1984, Qureshi 1997, Wannissorn 1996, Yadav 1994 The effects are attributed in part to the geraniol (alpha-citral) and neral (beta-citral) constituents.Onawunmi 1984, Syed 1995 In a study examining 13 oils, lemongrass oil was found to be one of the most active against human dermatophyte strains, inhibiting 80% of strains and with inhibition zones more than 10 mm in diameter.Lima 1993, Clinical trials are lacking. J.F. Other Uses An essential oil obtained from the plant is used in perfumery, scenting soaps, hair oils, cosmetics and as an insect repellent[ 238 , 254 , 418 ]. ... Cymbopogon citratus is consumed as a tea for anxiety in Brazilian folk medicine, but a study in humans found no effect. Avoid honey, if you are diabetic. C. citratus is cultivated in the West Indies, Central and South America, and tropical regions. What are the herbal uses of lemongrass? Dose and time-dependent adverse effects of C. citratus leaves on renal function have been reported. Limited clinical or experimental studies have shown antifungal and insecticidal activity, as well as potential anticarcinogenic activity, while sugg… Extensively used as a fragrance component in soaps, detergents, cosmetics and perfumes. Lemongrass is native to India and tropical Asia. 1.2 Cultivation, harvesting and the processing of Cymbopogon sp. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. Culinary uses. This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this product. Lemongrass is considered to be of low toxicity at low doses. They are high in essential oil content. Lemongrass has traditionally been used as a fragrance and flavoring, and for a wide variety of medical conditions. Daily life experience of Health, Ayurveda, Medicines, complementary therapies. Available for Android and iOS devices. Rare cases of hypersensitivity have been reported. Lemongrass is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) in the United States. It should not be used daily by heart patients, weak, and older person. It is used in preparation of teas, soups, and curries. Lemongrass tea eases the pain during periods, and reduces swelling in the body. Synonyms Andropogon citratus. Lemon grass essential oil: It is a yellow or amber liquid with antiseptic properties. The understanding of these properties will help us to better utilize this herb. Freshly cut and partially dried leaves are used medicinally and are the source of the essential oil.Blumenthal 1998, Leung 1980, USDA 2008, Lemongrass is usually ingested as an infusion made by pouring boiling water over fresh or dried leaves. It also known as lemon grass or oil grass. Cosmetic: Another source is the use of cymbopogon citratus in the cosmetic industry, s.a. in soap - and hair care products. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this product. This tea is a herbal treatment of catarrhal conditions (congestion, excess mucus, headaches, runny nose), fever. Cymbopogon citratus is abundant in the Philippines and Indonesia where it is known as tanglad or sereh.Its fragrant leaves are traditionally used in cooking, particularly for lechon and roasted chicken.. C. flexuosus is known as cochin lemongrass, British Indian lemongrass, East Indian lemongrass, or French Indian verbena. In various folk medicinal use: oil used for cough, cold, hemoptysis, rheumatism, back pain, bladder problems. The tea caused a recurrence of contact dermatitis in one case. Many homemakers in East Asia, however, pick them fresh for use incooking from the backyard garden. No data. However, clinical trials are lacking to support any uses. Lemongrass Essential Oil. The essential oil obtained from the plant contains citral. It is used in Ayurveda, for the treatment of Shvas (Asthma), Bhuta Badha (mental diseases), Burning sensation, dadru (ring- worm), Kasa (Cough, Bronchitis), Krimi (Worms), Kushtha (Skin diseases), Udara (Abdominal disorders), Arochaka (loss of appetite, taste, or anorexia), Santap (Heat), Vami (Vomiting), etc. This product may adversely interact with certain health and medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs, foods, or other dietary supplements. The opinions expressed herein are authors personal opinions and do not represent any one's view in anyway. This information does not endorse this product as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Citral has Anti-allergic, Antibacterial, Anticancer, Anti-parasitic, Expectorant, Sedative, and Teratogenic (can disturb the development of an embryo or fetus, may cause a birth defect in the child) properties. Remove from stove. It has carminative action, and gives relief in pain due to gas. Cymbopogon citratus is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of gastrointestinal disturbances, fevers and hypertension. Other uses include as an astringent and a fragrance in beauty products.Blumenthal 1998, Girón 1991, Leite 1986, Leung 1980, Fresh C. citratus grass contains approximately 0.4% volatile oil. It is widely used as a herb in Asian cuisine. In Chinese medicine, lemongrass is used in the treatment of headache, stomach ache, abdominal pain, and rheumatic pain. A murine study suggests the effect may be regulated through noradrenergic and serotonergic pathways.Umukoro 2017. You may also add ginger, black pepper in this tea. on C. citratus, describing its phytochemistry and is uses as a medicinal plant [15, 18]. It gives relief from bloating, gas cramps, pain after eating, and stomach acidity. has been commonly cultivated as a ratoon crop and well grown in a wide range of soils and climatic conditions . It is used both internally, and externally. Contraindications have not been identified. You should talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this product. Lemongrass is medicinal plant. Cymbopogon citratus is an evergreen grass species from the Poaceae family. The essential oil of the plant is … These also indicate the conditions in which we should avoid it. It has carminative action, and gives relief in pain due to gas. - for more info about Cymbopogon citratus See link With the exception of certain products that are generally recognized as safe in normal quantities, including use of folic acid and prenatal vitamins during pregnancy, this product has not been sufficiently studied to determine whether it is safe to use during pregnancy or nursing or by persons younger than 2 years of age. The common methods to extract essential oil from medicinal plant, including for Lemongrass (Cymbopogon Citratus), are hydrodistillation (HD), steam distillation, steam and water distillation, maceration, empyreumatic( or destructive) distillation and expression . Oboh, in Encyclopedia of Food Microbiology (Second Edition), 2014. Required fields are marked *. Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) Benefits, Uses and Contraindications, Nasal Polyps Causes, Symptoms and Treatment, Symptoms and Treatment of Endometrial Polyps, High blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, Ringworm, Fungus, Candida, Yeast, Scabies (Topical use). C. citratus is known as Guatemala, West Indian, or Madagascar lemongrass. It is a tonic for uterus. This is a Member captured database.Information have been taken from various sources like Websites,Journals,Books and Practical Projects,from experts and even from farmers. Cymbopogon citratus is abundant in the Philippines and Indonesia where it is known as tanglad or sereh.Its fragrant leaves are traditionally used in cooking, particularly for lechon and roasted chicken.. In keeping with the WHO, herbal medicine is taken into account a vital part of the healthcare system by quite two-thirds of the population in developing countries . Due to expectorant, and diaphoretic properties, it is effective in reducing fever by inducing sweating. For stronger infusion you can leave this for a few hours. Conventional propagation in semisolid culture medium has become a fast tool for mass propagation of lemon grass, but the production cost must be lower. Ingredients : Lemongrass, Water, honey as per taste. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. It … Information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking. Cymbopogon - Uses. The leaves and the oil are used to make medicine. is a medicinal plant source of lemon grass oils with multiple uses in the pharmaceutical and food industry. It is commonly used in the form of tea as a “homemade remedy” for cough, flu, gingivitis, digestive problems and stomachache ( Avoseh et al., 2015 ). Cymbopogon citratus contains several ue to that. Lemongrass is commonly taken orally, applied directly to the skin, or inhaled as aromatherapy for many different conditions. Medicinal Uses of Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) Lemongrass is an Indian plant. In the present study, lemon grass essential oil was evaluated for its in vivo topical and oral anti-inflammatory effects, and for its in vitro antifungal activity using both liquid and vapor phases WatsonCommon Name(s): Achara, British Indian Lemongrass, Cochin Lemongrass, East Indian Lemongrass, French Indian Verbena, Guatemala Lemongrass, Lemongrass, Madagascar Lemongrass, West Indian Lemongrass. Cymbopogon citratus (D.C.) Stapf. Last updated on Nov 23, 2020. Lemongrass is indigenous to India. Uses. Lemongrass is used for treating digestive tract spasms, stomachache, high blood pressure, convulsions, pain, vomiting, cough, achy joints (rheumatism), fever, the common cold, and exhaustion.It is also used to kill germs and as a mild astringent. Intake of lemongrass powder or tea is beneficial in the following conditions. In one study, lemongrass leaf tea ingested for 2 weeks induced no hypoglycemic changes.Leite 1986, In a study in mice with acetaminophen-induced liver toxicity, lemongrass oil demonstrated reduced hepatocellular injury.Saenthaweesuk 2017, Uchida 2017, In a study evaluating the mosquito repellent effect of lemongrass using Aedes aegypti adult mosquitoes and differing concentrations of lemongrass oil in liquid paraffin, the oil exhibited repellent activity, which was attributed to the citral content.Oyedele 2002 Other experiments have evaluated the oil as an insecticide.Ahmad 1995, Avoseh 2015, Gilbert 1999, Antidepressant activity of C. citratus has been reported in animal models. It is important to fully inform your doctor about the herbal, vitamins, mineral or any other supplements you are taking before any kind of surgery or medical procedure. This also reduces phlegm, and fever. Cymbopogon citratus can be used as a pain-reliever for muscle strains and cramps, an anti-inflammatory for bug and mosquito bites, and is used as an antibacterial and antifungal treatment for various skin disorders. It is one of the most widely used plants in South American traditional medicine. Limited clinical or experimental studies have shown antifungal and insecticidal activity, as well as potential anticarcinogenic activity, while suggested hypotensive and hypoglycemic actions have not been confirmed. In India, it is commonly used as an antitussive, antirheumatic, and antiseptic. Lemongrass is a plant. It directs the flow of Vata (wind) downwards. It has been used as an antispasmodic, antiemetic, antipyretic, and analgesic, as well as for the management of nervous system and GI disorders. Cymbopogon is a tall, aromatic, perennial grass native to tropical Asia. It stimulates appetite, and digestion but does not increase Pitta. An insulin-like principle (neither an alkaloid nor a glucoside) has been isolated from the plant. The oil contains 65% to 85% citral, which is a mixture of 2 geometric isomers, geraniol and neral. Citronella grass ( Cymbopogon nardus and Cymbopogon winterianus) grow to about 2 m (6.6 ft) and have magenta-colored base stems. These species are used for the production of citronella oil, which is used in soaps, as an insect repellent (especially mosquitoes) in insect sprays and … Your email address will not be published. It cures Visha (poisoning). Lemongrass is a tall tufted perennial grass cultivated in various parts of India. It has rubefacient (causes dilation of the capillaries, and increases blood circulation) action, and used externally for chronic rheumatic ailments, lumbago, and sprains. It has abortifacient action. No adverse effects were reported, with efficacy lower than that of ketoconazole.Carmo 2013, Lemongrass oil has demonstrated antioxidant and radical-scavenging activity in several in vitro experiments.Cheel 2005, Masuda 2008, Menut 2000, A clinical trial (N=105) evaluating the effect of lemongrass tea on hematological indices reported positive effects on erythropoiesis, likely due to its antioxidant effects.Ekpenyong 2015, Dose-related hypotensive effects and weak diuretic actions have been demonstrated in rats.Carbajal 1989 In one study in isolated rat hearts, lemongrass extract reduced the cardiac rate but did not alter the contractile force.Gazola 2004.
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